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Frith Manor School

Phonics and Reading in Key Stage 1

This page describes the approach taken to the teaching of Early Reading at Frith Manor Primary School.  

We are in the process of adopting a new phonics programme for teaching early reading. Details of this new programme and how we will begin to use it are given first.

Response to Reading Framework (July 2021) 

Frith Manor have chosen to adopt the Little Wandle validated systematic, synthetic phonics (SSP) programme .  During late Autumn 2021, the school will create the detailed plan for the implementation of this scheme.  The outline plan is:

Autumn 2021 - Create plan; order resources (classroom materials, eBook subscription; one set of the phonically decodable books)

Spring 2021 - Training of classroom teachers and teaching assistants in EYFS, KS1 and KS2; use of catch up elements of programme in Year 3; creation of resources to support spelling using phonics knowledge alongside our spelling scheme - No Nonsense Spelling; order all sets of reading books to support phonics

Summer 2021 - Trials in KS1 and with EAL children joining the school; use of placement assessments; teachers ready to use Little Wandle from Autumn 2022.


Current Teaching Approach

At Frith Manor Primary School we use the Letters and Sounds Phonics Programme for all of our phonics teaching.


There are six overlapping phases. The table below is a summary based on the Letters and Sounds guidance for Practioners and Teachers.


Year  Group

Phonic Knowledge & Skills

Phase One

Nursery & Reception

Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.

Phase Two


Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.

Phase Three


The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the "simple code", i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.

Phase Four

Reception  & Year 1

No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.

Phase Five

Year 1

Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.

Phase Six

Year 2

Children are taught about past tense. They learn to spell polysyllabic words.

How to use suffixes, proof read their work and how to use/spell contractions. They also learn lots of spelling strategies.

Visit the Department for Education and Skills website to view the 'Letters and Sounds - Principles and Practice of High Quality Phonics' documentation.

Here is a great website where you can print your own flashcards and words for free, visit the Letters and Sounds resources website.

Useful Documents

Useful websites – Great for games – Great for hearing the sounds and games

Pocket phonics app – Great for practicing the different phases


We use Letters & Sounds and Smart Phonics.

Reading Schemes

Our main reading scheme is Collins Big Cat.

We supplement this scheme with:

  • Pearsons 'Comics for Phonics'

  • Oxford Reading Tree 'Songbirds''

  • Rigby Rocket 'Star